Message – Wisdom & Supplies
Series: Thru the Bible – Exodus
Keeping the Sabbath
The last command of God to Moses before giving him the 1st set of the 10 commandments was to keep the Sabbath holy.
Israel supplies materials for the Tabernacle
God commissions Israel with the task of supplying for and building the tabernacle.
- A Gerah was a measurement of weight and was equal to about 1/20th of a shekel and 1/6000 of a talent.
- A shekel was a unit of weight for metals. It was a unit of weight for metals that was probably around twelve grams or one-half ounce. So a shekel would be a different material measurement based on the metal being weighed.
Materials brought were:
Metals: silver, for those that were made of that, as the silver sockets to the boards of the tabernacle, the silver trumpets (Numbers , &c. and “brass”: Aben Ezra rightly observes, that no mention is made of iron).
- Gold – Only used INSIDE the Tabernacle to make or cover those things which were most holy like the mercy seat and cherubim, the Menorah, the ark, the shewbread table, and other things. Presumably Purity and/or Deity.
- According to Ex 38 they gave 2,800 lbs. of gold.
- Silver – Chiefly INSIDE the Tabernacle. Use for sockets and the silver trumpets mentioned in Num. 10:2; externally only used for the hooks for the outter wall (curtain) of the outter courtyard. Presumably redemption & so freedom – it was used as the ransom money for the lives of Israelites and Jesus’ betrayal by Judas. In Prov. 10:20 it is used to describe the tongue of a righteous person.
- Silver came to 9,600 lbs
- Brass – Chiefly used for things EXTERNAL to the tabernacle. The sacrificial altar, its pans, shovels, basins, rings, and staves, the laver, the pillars & sockets for the outter courtyard wall (curtain). The sockets of the front gold pillars & their “curtain loops” were made of bronze. It is used figuratively to indicate sin, filthiness, shame & so judgement. God’s refusal to respond to His people (Deut. 28:23). It is a synonym for filthiness and shame in Ezekiel 16:36. In Num. 21:9 it says, “So Moses made a bronze serpent, and put it on a pole; and so it was, if a serpent had bitten anyone, when he looked at the bronze serpent, he lived.”. This was a “type” of Christ Who on the cross “became” sin for us – 2 Cor. 5:21 & John 3:14-15 “(14) Just as Moses lifted up the snake in the wilderness, so the Son of Man must be lifted up, (15) so that everyone who believes in Him will have eternal life.” 2 Cor 5:21, For He made Him who knew no sin to be sin for us, that we might become the righteousness of God in Him.
- A total of 6,700 lbs. was given. Also, bronze has a melting point of 1,985 degrees which is important in that a continual fire was kept alive in the sacrificial altar.
Linen: Linen itself was possibly very white and made of Egyptian flax. White linen seems most often associated with purity and righteousness – Rev. 3:5; 15:6; 19:14
- Blue – The Hebrew word for this actually means “shellfish”. A brilliant color of blue was extracted from Mollusk shells. It is “suggested” that this color represents Heaven in that the sky is blue. This symbolism stands to reason many times, but not with 100% consistency. Also, both blue & purple cloths were considered costly.
- The priestly robes were blue. – Ex. 28:31
- The Crystal platform under God’s throne is described as “Sapphire”. – Ezekiel 10:1
- The breastplate of the ephod was tied on with strings of blue. – Ex. 28:28
- The tassels of the garments of men were blue. – Num. 15:38-40
- Scarlet – This color is a little hard to tack down for symbolic meaning. It is compared with blasphemy (the harlot on the scarlet horse Revelation 17:3 – though it’s possible the scarlet here is of imperial dignity, power and authority)& sin (though your sins be as scarlet – Isa. 1:18) but also with prosperity – it was placed upon Jesus to mock Him as king of the Jews (Lamentations 4:5, Matthew 27:28, Revelation 18:12, 16). It is “said” that it can represent sacrifice and therefore blood, but I found no such reference so ultimately I do not know.
- Purple – This color was obtained by the mixture of scarlet & blue which may contribute to its meaning. IF Blue means from Heaven or Heavenly and IF scarlet represents blood & sacrifice, then this could represent the Royal son from Heaven sent to save.
Skins & hair:
- Goat’s hair – Their hair, which was very long, dark and course, was spun and woven into cloth. The goat, was used for milk, meat & sacrifice. The Goat’s Hair covering was the outter most covering of the tabernacle curtain. It may represent poverty – Heb. 11:37. The goat itself was the animal of sacrifice and substitution once a year.
- Ram’s skin (dyed red) A ram is a mature male sheep and often the head of the flock. This is the animal which God provided for Abraham in place of his son Isaac.
- Dolphin Skin – Again, not much is known of this animal or in fact WHICH animal it actually was. It seems the intention was to use the skin as a type of leather – tough and plain. It almost certainly was intended to represent human flesh.
- Acacia – One of the most common trees in the savannah of Sudan. It has many interesting attributes which add to its use for sake of symbolism, such as it does not rot, it has MANY medicinal properties and in nearly is resistant to insects. So on some level the wood could be called “incorruptible”, which may by a symbolism for Christ in his humanity and our new nature – 1Cor. 15:52; 1Peter 1:4, 23.
- Pressed Olive Oil – Oil is used for anointing for special service to God and to represent the Holy Spirit. Secondary uses are for health, food and the skin to make it shine.
- Stacte – A powder from the hardened drops of the fragrant resin found in the bark of the Myrrh bush. The word means “a drop”.
- Onycha – A powder from the shell of a peculiar subspecies of mollusk found in abundance in the Red Sea. When burnt, this powder emits a penetrating aroma. The Hebrew word means- “aromatic shell”.
- Galbanum – A pungent brown resin extracted from the lower part of the stem of a Ferula plant. This herb is found at the Mediterranean Sea. It has fern like foliage and yellow flowers. Its smell is a bit musky, and serves as a scent preserver mixed perfume, and extends the longevity of its usefulness.
- Frankincense – From the gummy sap of the Boswellia tree. The resin drips from the tree and hardens in the shape of a tear. It is odorless until burned. It’s fragrance is characterised by a balsamic-spicy, slightly lemon, fragrance of incense, with a undertone of an evergreen.
Gems: It is useless to specular on these since we do not know which tribes were assigned to which stones and we are not even 100% certain which stones were used. The names offered here are just one suggested by the KJV, but other lists exist which may be just as or more accurate.
Moses tells Israel what God said about supplying for and building the tabernacle. Israel responds. God blesses.
God had given the command that all who were skillful in these crafts to come and make all the materials and furnishings for the tabernacle. Then God gave wisdom.
God Gives Wisdom
God gives Wisdom, understanding and knowledge. To conceptualize the differences, Prov. 24:3-4, illustrates these three words in the building of a house. The building of a house is by wisdom, the establishment of that house by understanding, and finally, the filling of the rooms of the house by knowledge.
Hokmah wisdom, skill, experience, shrewdness. The high point of this word and its concept is reached in Prov. 8:1.
Teḇûnāh Understanding or insight. It is contrasted with foolishness (Prov. 15:21; Prov. 18:2). A person of understanding is slow to wrath and walks uprightly (Pro_14:29; Prov. 15:21). God has understanding and gives it (Job 12:13; Psa. 147:5; Prov. 2:6; Isa. 40:28). On the other hand, idolaters, who fashion idols by their own understanding, have no understanding at all (Isa. 44:19; Hos. 3:2).
Da‛aṯ Knowing, learning, discernment, insight, and notion. The word describes God’s gift of technical and/or specific knowledge. On the other hand, a lack of knowledge also describes the absence of premeditation or intentionality.
The special areas of crafts needed included:
- Gem cutter
- Gold smith
- Silver smith
- Broze smith
More than enough!
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