Message – The Exodus
Series: Thru the Bible – Exodus 12-14
- God institutes the Jewish Lunar Calendar (Technically a lunisolar calendar)
- 1st month called Nisan – meaning “Their Flight” but was first referred to as Abib and later specifically named Nisan.
- It roughly corresponds to our March/April
- Also, Israel eventually had two calendars – one which was the “civil” year and began in Autumn and the other sacred which began in spring.
- Not really important now but will become so later
In the interest of helping YOU learn how to study and extract the layers of importance out of passages, I want you to help me out with this…
What is of import in verses 3 & 4
“Speak to all the congregation of Israel, saying: ‘On the tenth of this month every man shall take for himself a lamb, according to the house of his father, a lamb for a household. And if the household is too small for the lamb, let him and his neighbor next to his house take it according to the number of the persons; according to each man’s need you shall make your count for the lamb. ”
- A precedent is being set for the Passover feast which will occur EACH year.
- The household is IN the man. He is head over and responsible FOR his household. (Where do we go to find 1st principles? Genesis!)
- This precedent was set way back in Genesis 7 with Noah.
Gen 7:1 “Then the LORD said to Noah, “Come into the ark, you and all your household, because I have seen that you are righteous before Me in this generation.”
Heb 11:7, “By faith Noah, being divinely warned of things not yet seen, moved with godly fear, prepared an ark for the saving of his household, by which he condemned the world and became heir of the righteousness which is according to faith.”
This example is a lot like the one we will read in chapter 16:
Exod. 16:11-18, “(11) And the LORD spoke to Moses, saying, (12) “I have heard the complaints of the children of Israel. Speak to them, saying, ‘At twilight you shall eat meat, and in the morning you shall be filled with bread. And you shall know that I am the LORD your God.’ ” (13) So it was that quails came up at evening and covered the camp, and in the morning the dew lay all around the camp. (14) And when the layer of dew lifted, there, on the surface of the wilderness n, was a small round substance, as fine as frost on the ground. (15) So when the children of Israel saw it, they said to one another, “What is it?” For they did not know what it was. And Moses said to them, “This is the bread which the LORD has given you to eat. (16) This is the thing which the LORD has commanded: ‘Let every man gather it according to each one’s need, one omer for each person, according to the number of persons; let every man take for those who are in his tent.’ ” (17) Then the children of Israel did so and gathered, some more, some less. (18) So when they measured it by omers, he who gathered much had nothing left over, and he who gathered little had no lack. Every man had gathered according to each one’s need.”
One example we have never really dealt with in here I will give you as an assignment and we can discuss it at a later date. It shows that God’s authority delegated to man effects all in his house. Numbers 16:1-34
- This was done according to tribe as well.
- A one year old MALE lamb without blemish (what does this represent?)
- So could the claim that many egalitarians make that the only reason Jesus was born a male is because the prejudice of that culture would never have accepted a female is a baseless claim.
- Keep it for 5 days and then the WHOLE congregation shall kill it.
- Tradition has it that the lamb was to remain under scrutiny for 5 days to test it’s purity and worthiness to be offered as a sacrifice.
- It is interesting that Jesus entered Jerusalem the week of His Passion on Sunday the 10th of Nisan, was welcomed and praised by all the people proclaiming Him as their king. During that week He appeared before Israel and they passed the judgment that He was to be crucified which He was, on the 14th of Nisan.
- Ironically, in the natural realm, it was the rejection of His people that placed Christ on the cross, but spiritually and in reality it was the approval of the Father of Christ as being a worthy and spotless lamb that placed Him upon the cross.
- It is further ironic, that it is from this very reality that ten thousand x ten thousand voices will one day cry out with a loud voice, “(12) saying: “Worthy is the Lamb who was slain To receive power and riches and wisdom, And strength and honor and glory and blessing!” (13) And every creature which is in heaven and on the earth and under the earth and such as are in the sea, and all that are in them, I heard saying: “Blessing and honor and glory and power Be to Him Who sits on the throne, And to the Lamb, forever and ever!” (14) Then the four living creatures said, “Amen!” And the twenty-four elders fell down and worshiped Him Who lives forever and ever.” ~ Rev. 5:12-14
- Apply the blood on the top and sides of the door
- This symbolized the entire household – all who were within the door.
- It was placed beside and above them, but not under their feet. (Trodden under foot the Son of man, counting the blood of the covenant a common thing Heb. 10).
- Deut 6:4-15 “(4) Hear, O Israel: The LORD our God, the LORD is one! (5) You shall love the LORD your God with all your heart, with all your soul, and with all your strength. (6) “And these words which I command you today shall be in your heart. (7) You shall teach them diligently to your children, and shall talk of them when you sit in your house, when you walk by the way, when you lie down, and when you rise up. (8) You shall bind them as a sign on your hand, and they shall be as frontlets between your eyes. (9) You shall write them on the doorposts of your house and on your gates. (10) “So it shall be, when the LORD your God brings you into the land of which He swore to your fathers, to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, to give you large and beautiful cities which you did not build, (11) houses full of all good things, which you did not fill, hewn-out wells which you did not dig, vineyards and olive trees which you did not plant—when you have eaten and are full— (12) then beware, lest you forget the LORD who brought you out of the land of Egypt, from the house of bondage. (13) You shall fear the LORD your God and serve Him, and shall take oaths in His name. (14) You shall not go after other gods, the gods of the peoples who are all around you (15) (for the LORD your God is a jealous God among you), lest the anger of the LORD your God be aroused against you and destroy you from the face of the earth.”
- This is later referenced in Exod. 13:8-9, “(8) And you shall tell your son in that day, saying, ‘This is done because of what the LORD did for me when I came up from Egypt.’ (9) It shall be as a sign to you on your hand and as a memorial between your eyes, that the LORD’s law may be in your mouth; for with a strong hand the LORD has brought you out of Egypt.”
- Apply it with Hyssop branch – why hyssop?
- As far as we can tell hyssop is from the mint family & has a strong smell.
- It’s flowers are purple cups, which itself most likely has symbolism.
- It wasn’t that hyssop was a cleaning AGENT but a delivery method.
- Lev. 14:1-7 – cleansing from leprosy
- Num. 19:14-19 – cleansing a room from a corpse
- Psalm 51:7 – David mentioning being cleansed BY hyssop
- Heb. 9:19 – Referencing Moses’ cleansing the book of the law and the people.
- It was one of the bitter herbs which was consumed
- It is “Ironic” that it was with a branch of hyssop that the sponge filled with vinegar was given to Jesus (very likely a symbol of the bitter herbs).
- Eat all of it – none is to remain until morning (similar example to “destroyed all the cattle”)
- The parts not eaten would include some of the impure entrails, bones, sinews, cartilage and such.
- Why eat ALL? (Matt. 26:27 – dual meaning?)
- Partake of Christ – ready to leave the world and the bondages of sin – or don’t partake of Him at all.
- With Bitter herbs was a type of Israel entering into the bitterness of the death of Christ – symbolically partaking of His death.
- Dressed for travel, shoes on your feet and staff in your hand.
- Exod. 12:13, “The blood on the houses where you are staying will be a distinguishing mark for you; when I see the blood, I will pass over you. No plague will be among you to destroy you when I strike the land of Egypt.”
- The symbolisms for this are great and many so we will only mention a few…
- Christ is our spiritual ARK and in Him we have passed from children of wrath to dear children of God.
- In Christ we are NOT appointed to wrath as is the world.
- Also, according to Jewish tradition, the idols of Egypt were broken in pieces on this night.
- The symbolisms for this are great and many so we will only mention a few…
- Passover will be a memorial day for you to be celebrated as a festival unto God.
- On the 1st day get rid of all leaven and gather together by the blowing of trumpets
- Until the 7th NO ONE is to eat leavened bread.
- The 1st and the 7th of Nisan were Sabbaths and so were to be holy anyway and no work was to be done on them.
- The Feast of Unleavened Bread was to be celebrated beginning on the 14th day of the month of Nisan through the 21st. It was to be a time of calling to mind and celebrating the day of release from the bondage of Egypt.
- It could be celebrated by Jews and Gentile proselytes BUT NOT those outside the covenant
- Had to be eaten IN THE HOUSE – under the blood.
- DO NOT BREAK THE BONES (symbolic of the spirit being broken). [Valley of dry bones – Ezek. 37:4-14/Jn. 20:22]
- Leaven represented sin, sinfulness and sinful people in our midst.
- 1Cor. 5:1-8, “(1) It is actually reported that there is sexual immorality among you, and such sexual immorality as is not even named among the Gentiles—that a man has his father’s wife! (2) And you are puffed up, and have not rather mourned, that he who has done this deed might be taken away from among you. (3) For I indeed, as absent in body but present in spirit, have already judged (as though I were present) him who has so done this deed. (4) In the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, when you are gathered together, along with my spirit, with the power of our Lord Jesus Christ, (5) deliver such a one to Satan for the destruction of the flesh, that his spirit may be saved in the day of the Lord Jesus. (6) Your glorying is not good. Do you not know that a little leaven leavens the whole lump? (7) Therefore purge out the old leaven, that you may be a new lump, since you truly are unleavened. For indeed Christ, our Passover, was sacrificed for us. (8) Therefore let us keep the feast, not with old leaven, nor with the leaven of malice and wickedness, but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth.”
- God declares all 1st born males to belong to Him!
- Tell your SONS (Like God told Adam – then Adam told Eve)
- All the firstborn males of Egypt were killed because of their rebellion against God, so as a sacrifice to God I give to Him all the firstborn of my livestock and I give you my firstborn son. “Therefore I sacrifice (meaning to slaughter or kill) to the LORD all males that open the womb, but all the firstborn of my sons I redeem.’” – Ex. 13:15
- All of the beasts which are NOT redeemed must be destroyed.
- Take note that this is called a sacrifice of the firstborn. So later in Judges 11:30-40 when Jephthah tells God that “whatever comes out the doors of his house will will be the Lord’s, and I will offer it up as a burnt offering” clearly she was offered up as a servant to the priests and not as a burnt sacrifice.
- God took them the long way (He protects their hearts)
- Moses took Joseph’s bones with him.
- Cloud by day/ fire by night
- God placed them in an impossible situation surrounded with the sea to their back (so they thought and so thought Pharaoh)
- God turned them around and made their backs – their fronts.
- Verse 8 God hardens Pharaoh’s heart again and in verse 17 all those with him!
- The people cry out IN complaining to God and Moses
- God tells Moses – Why are you crying to Me? You stretch out your rod over the sea and part it for this people.
- The cloudy pillar of light and darkness
- Darkness to the Egyptians
- Light to the Israelites
- The Israelites crossed over on dry land
- God flattened their tires
- God tells Moses to stretch the rod back over the sea
- The Egyptians drowned in the midst of the sea
There is more information in the audio/video of the actual message. I hope you listen, learn and enjoy!
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